Prostate cancer

Introduction

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among men worldwide, with nearly 200,000 new cases diagnosed in 2016. Prostate cancers usually develop slowly over many years and can be difficult to diagnose early. The most common symptoms include:

Pain or burning during urination that doesn’t get better after a few days

Difficulty starting urine flow, dribbling or weak stream (unintentional leakage from a catheter)

Loss of appetite, weight loss and fatigue

Low back pain that doesn’t improve with rest or doesn’t resolve within 3 months; severe lower back pain with fever and chills; enlarged prostate gland on rectal exam (your doctor may also suggest tests to check blood flow).

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is the most common non-skin cancer in men and the second most common cause of death from cancer. It’s also the second leading cause of death among African-American men, who have an increased risk for prostate cancer due to higher rates of obesity and family history.

The prostate is a small gland that lies below your bladder just above your penis. The prostate produces a part of semen called seminal fluid that comes out during ejaculation (orgasm). When you have trouble ejaculating because there are too many tumors in your body, this can be very painful for both yourself and your partner(s).

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

  • Difficult or painful urination.
  • Blood in your urine.
  • Painful ejaculation, a problem you may not have had before prostate cancer.
  • A swollen prostate gland that’s hard to feel during a rectal exam (prostate exam). If it’s enlarged, you may need to see your doctor for an ultrasound or biopsy to determine if the tumor is cancerous.

If there are no symptoms at all and you’re in good health, then this isn’t anything to worry about! But if any of these signs persist for more than two weeks on their own (for example: frequent urination), it could mean there’s something wrong with your prostate gland—and that needs to be checked out by a doctor right away!

Causes of Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is not a single factor, but rather a combination of risk factors. Risk factors include age, race (black vs white), family history and diet.

Prostate cancer is more common in older men—those over 65 years old are more likely to develop prostate cancer than younger men. A family history of prostate cancer increases the risk of developing this disease as well.

Treatment of Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is a disease in which prostate cells grow and spread to other parts of the body. The most common treatment for prostate cancer is surgery, radiation therapy or hormone therapy.

Surgery: Surgery removes part of the tumor (usually around 50%). Radiation therapy involves giving high doses of radiation to kill off the cancer cells that have spread from your prostate gland to nearby tissues. Hormone therapy may be used if hormone-sensitive cancers are found during screening tests or at initial diagnosis; this type of treatment helps restore normal testosterone levels in men affected by prostate cancer. Watchful waiting refers to not treating people with localized cancer until its spread has been confirmed by biopsy (a procedure where samples are removed from inside a suspect area).

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among men worldwide.

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among men worldwide. It is the leading cause of cancer death in men and it can be successfully treated if it is detected early.

Prostate cancer symptoms include:

  • Pain or discomfort during urination
  • Weakness in one or both legs, especially on one side of the body (if you are right-handed)
  • A need to get up at night to urinate or have leakage from your bladder

Conclusion

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer among men worldwide, with more than 200,000 new cases diagnosed each year. It’s also the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men. Prostate cancers are usually slow-growing and can develop over a long period of time before symptoms begin to appear. However, if left untreated for too long or if it spreads to other areas of the body (like bones), it can be very dangerous for your health as well as potentially deadly.

Source: Eucharia’s Blog